The Different Types of Surrogacy
If you have chosen to grow your family through surrogacy, you’re no doubt neck-deep in research trying to figure out the best path to take. There is a lot to think about and several different options available. For starters, there are multiple types of surrogacy. The two main ones are known as traditional and gestational. Two lesser known types are altruistic and compensated.
To make things less complicated, Adoption Choices of New York will highlight only two different types of surrogacy – traditional and gestational – and will provide information regarding what each entails. As an agency, we offer gestational surrogacy as we feel this keeps everyone’s best interests at heart.
With traditional surrogacy, the surrogate – or the woman who carries the intended parents’ child – uses her egg, with the intended father’s sperm, to conceive. The intended father’s sperm is inserted into her through a process called artificial insemination (AI) or intrauterine insemination (IUI). Because her egg is used, the surrogate is the baby’s biological mother. This is why traditional surrogacies are also referred to as “genetic surrogacies” and are considered illegal across the United States.
There are many legal ramifications and complications with this form of surrogacy, making it paramount for both the surrogate and intended parents to each get a lawyer to ensure everyone is respected and their rights are kept safe. One of the issues often found within traditional surrogacy is that the surrogate can change her mind and decide to keep the baby post birth.
Those who may consider traditional surrogacy as an option include, but are not limited to:
- Intended mothers who don’t have healthy eggs for conception
- Same sex couples or individuals
- Single men
In gestational surrogacy, a woman known as a gestational carrier helps intended parents grow their family. She does not use her own egg. Instead, the eggs and sperm of the intended parents are combined and fertilized in a laboratory setting. Once this has produced viable embryos, they are implanted into the gestational carrier through a process called in-vitro fertilization (IVF).
If the intended father or the intended mother is unable to use his sperm or her egg, it is possible to use an egg or sperm bank to retrieve the missing half. There are cases where this happens, due to medical issues like infertility or other health issues.
Gestational surrogacy has less legal and emotional challenges. Because the gestational carrier is not using her own eggs, she does not have parental rights over the child and cannot choose to keep him or her once he or she is born. In fact, from the very beginning, she understands what she is agreeing to and only wants to help the intended parents have a family they couldn’t otherwise have.
Deciding Between Two Different Types of Surrogacy
Adoption Choices of New York offers gestational surrogacy to intended parents and potential surrogates because we believe gestational surrogacy leads to the best possible outcome for both parties. That’s not to say traditional surrogacy can’t work. Everyone’s situation is different, so you must decide which type of surrogacy is best for you.
Heather Valenzano is an up-and-coming content creator with a bachelor’s degree in mass communications and a minor in English. After graduating from Iona College in 2019, she got an internship – and then a part-time job – writing blogs and managing social media accounts for Hip New Jersey, a lifestyle website owned by Long Shot Productions. She has also produced website and social media content for CommonPage, an external collaboration platform.
When she isn’t working, Heather enjoys watching crime shows like Forensic Files or posting book reviews to OnlineBookClub.org under the username “LavenderLiterature2.”
Cherie. “Types of Surrogacy – Traditional Vs. Gestational.” Medical Travel Czech Republic. February 2019. Web. July 2020.
GWK Staff. “Which States Allow Gay Men to Legally Use Traditional Surrogacy?” GWK. 28. February 2018. Web. July 2020.
Mireia Galian. “Differences between in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intrauterine insemination. (IUI).” IVI.uk. 4 March 2020. Web. July 2020.